Vera Cooper Rubin
Measured orbital velocities for hydrogen clouds in over 60 galaxies
and found the velocity does not decrease at large distances from the center
as would be expected if the centripetal acceleration were due to the
gravitational pull of luminous matter in the galaxy. These measurements are
support for the widespread belief, now based on other observations as well, that
there may be large amounts of dark matter in the universe
"Rotation of the Andromeda Nebula from a Spectroscopic Survey of Emission Regions," Astrophysical Journal 159: 379 (1970), with W. K. Ford, Jr..
"Cospatial Counterrotating Stellar Disks in the Virgo E7/S0 Galaxy NGC 4550,"
Astrophysical Journal (Lett.) 394: L9-L12 (1992), with J. A. Graham and
J. P. D. Kennedy.
"Bright Galaxies, Dark Matter," in Masters of Modern Physics Series.
Springer Verlag/AIP Press: New York, 1997
Member, National Academy of Sciences
Beatrice Tinsley Visiting Professor, University of Texas
National Medal of Science
Russell Prize of American Astronomical Society
Dickson Prize in Science, Carnegie Mellon University
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (London)
[The first woman to be awarded this Medal since Caroline Herschel in 1828.]
Honorary Doctorates from:
1954-55 Instructor, Mathematics and Physics, Montgomery County Junior College
1955-65 Research Associate Astronomer, Georgetown University
1959-62 Lecturer, Georgetown University
1962-65 Assistant Professor of Astronomy, Georgetown University
1965- Staff Member, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington
B.A. Vassar College 1948
M.A. Cornell University 1951
Ph.D. Georgetown University 1954
Vera Rubin and [1A N20], [amw1994], [17 MWR2], [34 WIP], [43 AL], [44 DO], [54 JSB], [58 SH].
Vera Rubin's Dark Universe
In 1965, Rubin became the first woman
permitted to observe at the Palomar Observatory.
When George Gamow invited Rubin to visit him at the Applied Physics
they had to talk in the lobby of the Laboratory
because women were not allowed in to the offices. [44 DO]
With Carnegie colleague, Kent Ford,built one of the first
spectrographs to incorporate image tubes, and took it to Kitt Peak to study
quasars with the new telescopes being built there. [44 DO]
Studied velocity fields of galaxies by the long-slit method in work with E. Margaret Burbidge in 1964. Their first work together was published in "A study of the velocity field in M82 and its bearing on explosive phenomena in that galaxy." E. M. Burbidge, G. R. Burbidge, and V. C. Rubin,Astrophys. J.(USA) 140: 942 (1964)
Wrote in Science Magazine "E. Margaret Burbidge, President-Elect" [s1981vcr] on the occasion of Burbidge's election as President of American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Sandra Faber was a student of Rubin.
Rubin is married to mathematician Robert Rubin. They have four children all of whom have doctorates in scientific fields.
Some Professional Activities:
Associate Editor, Astronomical Journal (1972-77)
Associate Editor, Astrophysical Journal Letters (1977-82)
Editorial Board, Science Magazine (1979-87)
HOMEPAGE READER'S COMMENTS
To cite this citation:
"Rubin, Vera Cooper" CWP